INTRODUCTION

The Indian Naval Academy was established in May 1969 & it’s campus is now in Ezhimala, Kerala. It is the initial training institute of Indian Navy for Officers. Presently the institute also trained Indian coast guard person.  Institute provides basic training to all of its cadets. The aim of the Indian Naval Academy is to prepare young men and women to be professional officers in the Navy by providing them a sound education in the academic field, supplemented by the required professional training.

Academy Main Building Complex, INA

Academy Main Building Complex, INA

HISTORY

Before the independence the naval officers were trained with Royal Navy at Dartmouth, United Kingdom and they were commissioned as a Sub Lieutenants. In the year of 1954 the Prestigious National Defense Academy was established at Pune to full fill the need of Indian military officers. But in the beginning of 1968, the Indian Navy realized that NDA could not produced required number of officer. So the Navy decides to setup a Naval Academy in Kochi on 30 June 1969 for Revised Special Entry Scheme. Under this scheme only 80 cadets who had passed their intermediate examination & in the age group of 17-20 could be inducted as a trainee every year in executive branch. The academy was consolidated with the Officers training school, at INS Mandovi in Goa in 1976. The shift of the Naval Academy from Kochi to Goa was only meant to be a temporary arrangement. But with the growing use of INS Mandovi as an operational naval base, as well as the existing Provost and Physical Training school at the location, the Naval Academy operated under considerable space constraints. In addition, providing basic training for Coast Guard officers at the academy further stretched the facilities. Hence the Navy decided to obtain sanction for a new permanent Naval Academy to cope with increasing training load.  The India Navy proposed the development of new campus for Indian Naval Academy in year 1979. Multiple sites were consider & finally Ezhimala, near north of Kannur on the Kerala Coast was picked-up as Kerala government interested to host the institute. Kerala government offered 2500 acres of lands free of cost with basic infrastructure like water supply, roads and bridges & electricity supply. The foundation stone was laid down by Prime Minister Mr. Rajiv Gandhi on 17 January 1987. But the project got delayed for a few years due to severe resource crunch. The cabinet approved the project in March 1995 and the first work was commenced on 25 February 2001 by laying down the foundation stone of Trunk services and Road by Shri George Fernandes, the then defense minister.  On January, 2009 the academy was inaugurated by Dr. Manmohan Singh, which had the construction cost of 7.21 billion.

Location:

12°0′40″N 75°13′8″ECoordinates The Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala is located approximately 35 km north of Kannur and 135 km south of Mangalore, on the west coast of peninsular India. The nearest railway station is at Payyanur, 10 km away. Payyanur is also on National Highway 17 between Mangalore and Kannur. The nearest major civil airport is at Mangalore, about 145 km north. The closest international airport is atKozhikode, about 150 km south. Ezhimala was chosen by Indian Navy to locate the Naval Academy due to its picturesque surroundings, seafaring traditions of the region and rich historical past. In 1982, the Government of India approved the Navys proposal after the Government of Kerala agreed to provide the proposed 2500 acres of land and basic infrastructure for area development, free of cost. The predominant hill feature of Ezhimala, the Mount Dilli,  is 260 m  high. Mt Dilli Light house is situated in the southern part of the base and to the north lies the Kavvayi backwaters.

Aim of Training:

Naval Academy Ezhimala(NAVAC) has been specifically formulated to mould you into a morally upright, physically robust, mentally alert and technologically aware professional, dedicated to excellence. The implementation of the curriculum is oriented to ensure a clean break from the traditional strait jacketed mentality and infuse in you a sense of innovativeness, creativity, resourcefulness and a passion for excellence. The staff is committed to impart the highest quality of training, and to mould trainees into officers and gentlemen/ladies.

The Academy conducts three types of courses:-
The four year INAC programme is conducted for the 10 + 2 Integrated Cadets and on graduation the cadets are awarded a B.Tech degree.

22 Week Naval Orientation Course.   The graduate entries who are inducted into various branches of the Navy under different schemes undergo a 22 week Naval Orientation Course at the Academy prior to their training in the respective professional institutions.
The four week Short Naval Orientation Course is conducted for Medical Officers of the Navy on their induction.

Motto:

Vidhya Na Mrutham Shnuthe

Training:

Deputy Commandant as the chief instructor responsible for the conduct and supervision of training at the INA. The training programme section and the training design and evaluation Cell functions under the training coordinator. This cell is responsible for the planning of the term calendar and training programme, coordination of training activities with external agencies, adventure activities, conduct of guest lecturer and workshops, conduct of exams and the evaluation of training on a continuous basis.  The Training Coordinator functions under the Training Captain and is responsible for planning, coordination, design and evaluation of training.

The aim of the Indian Naval Academy is to prepare young men and women to be professional officers in the Navy by providing them a sound education in the academic field, supplemented by the required professional training.  Accordingly, the curriculum has been designed to keep pace with the technology and the future advancement in various technical areas. In addition, the INA, which is a world class Academy, will condition the young men and women, who have chosen the Navy as a career to be able to exercise self discipline, perform efficiently under stress, think and react quickly and above all lead men both in war and during peace time.  Such professional and physical conditioning needs to be complemented with mental attributes that will meet the ethos of the Navy’s image of its future Officer Cadre and the challenges of life at sea.

The Academy conducts four year B.Tech Course for 10+2 (PCM only) qualified selected male cadets. The four-year B.Tech curriculum is specially structured with latest technology incorporated. The Indian Naval Academy is accredited by AICTE and recognized by the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Considerable thrust is given to the physical conditioning of each trainee. Outdoor Training (ODT) forms a major part of the training curriculum. Physical Training, swimming, physical conditioning of fresh induction trainees and sports is conducted by the Physical Training department. The department is headed by a qualified Physical Training Officer Instructor along with 20 other instructors. All these personnel are professionally trained to impart quality instructions to the trainees in all outdoor activities and train them in a scientific manner. The outdoor training pattern is designed in a phased manner. This ensures that the trainees gradually progress through various stages of physical routines and eventually attains proficiency in all disciplines. Swimming is an area where extra attention is paid to individual trainees to ensure that they are proficient in various styles prior to graduation from the Academy.

The seamanship training team imparts trainees their sea legs at the Academy through training in theoretical and practical seamanship subjects.  The training team is also responsible for waterman-ship training including boat pulling, whaler sailing, recreational sailing and other water sport activities.

Clubs at INA

A number of extracurricular activities are conducted to ensure all round personality development of the trainees. These include quizzes, debates, snap talks and dramatics. Moreover, to enhance specific skills, the trainees also join various hobby clubs like Equestrian, Para Sailing, Robotics, Music, Painting, Photography, Archery, Astronomy, Angling, Fine Arts, Rock Climbing, Martial Arts, IT, Golf, Rifle and Pistol Shooting. A total of 22 hobby clubs are functional at INA.