Topics – Indian Constitution

1. Match List I (Article of Indian Constitution) with List II (Provisions) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

(Article of Indian Constitution) (Provisions)
A. Article 16(2) 1. No person shall be deprived of his property save by the authority of law
B. Article 29(2) 2. No person can be discriminated against in the matter of public appointment on the ground of race, religion or caste
C. Article 30(1) 3. All minorities whether based on religion or language shall have the fundamental right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice
D. Article 31(1) 4. No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State, or receiving State aid, on grounds of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

a) A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1
b) A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4
c) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4
d) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

2. Match List-I (Articles of the Constitution of India) with List-II (Provision) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists

(Articles of the Constitution of India) (Provision)
A. Article 14 1. The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
B. Article 15 2. The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of laws within the territory of India.
C. Article 16 3. ‘Untouchability’ is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.
D. Article 17 4. There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.

a) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3
b) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
c) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3
d) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

3. Consider the following statements:
I. There is no provision in the Constitution of India to encourage equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
II. The Constitution of India does not define backward classes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) I only
b) II only
c) Both I and II
d) Neither I nor II

4. Consider the following statements:
1. Part IX of the Constitution of India contains provisions for Panchayats and was inserted by the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992.
2. Part IX A of the Constitution of India contains provisions for municipalities and the Article 243 Q envisages two types of municipalities – a Municipal Council and a Municipal Corporation for every State.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

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a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

5. Consider the following statements:
I. Free and compulsory education to the children of 6-14 years age group by the State was made a Fundamental Right by the 75th Amendment to the Constitution of India.
II. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan seeks to provide computer education even in rural areas.
III. Education was included in the Concurrent List by the 42nd Amendment, 1976 to the Constitution of India.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) I, II and III
b) I and II only
c) II and III only
d) I and III only

6. The 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 refers to the

a) generation of gainful employment for the unemployed and the underemployed men and women in rural area
b) generation of employment for the able bodied adults who are in need and desirous of work during the lean agricultural season
c) laying the foundation for strong and vibrant Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country
d) guarantee of right to life, liberty and security of person, equality before law and equal protection without discrimination

7. Consider the following statements : An amendment of the Constitution of India can be initiated by the
I. Lok Sabha.
II. Rajya Sabha.
III. State Legislatures.
IV. President.
Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

a) I alone
b) I, II and III
c) II, III and IV
d) I and II

8. Which one among the following items was not added to the Concurrent List of the Constitution of India under the provisions of the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976?

a) Family planning
b) Forest
c) Education
d) Railways

9. Consider the following statements:
1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only.
2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2 only
d) Neither 1 nor 2

10.Which of the following are envisaged as being part of the ‘Right against Exploitation’ in the Constitution of India ?

1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
2. Abolition of untouchability.
3. Protection of the interests of the minorities.
4. Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :
a) 1 and 2
b) 1 and 3
c) 1 and 4
d) 2, 3 and 4

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Answers : 

1. A

Article 16(2) in The Constitution Of India 1949 – No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect for any employment or office under the State.

Article 29(2) in The Constitution Of India 1949 – No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them

Article 30(1) in The Constitution Of India 1949 – All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice

Art 31(1) laid down that no person could be deprived of his property without the authority of law. This provision was repealed by the 44th Amendment. It now appears as Art.300 A. The difference being that it is only a legal right and not fundamental any longer.

2. C

Art 14 states that “The state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”
Equality before the law means that all are equal in the eyes of law and from the highest to the humblest, all will be tried by the same law and will be given the same punishment for same crime.
Equal Protection of Law means equality of treatment in equal circumstances. It means whether someone is P.M. or President he should be deal with same law as normal being deals with.
Art 15 states that “the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste sex, place of birth or any of them.
Art. 16 guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Art. 17 of the constitution says, “Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.”

3. B

Article 39(d) in The Constitution Of India 1949 implies that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women. In the Indian Constitution there is no definition for backward classes. So far as the SCs & STs are concerned they are defined in the definitional Article 366 under clause (24) & (25) respectively.

4. A

73rd and 74th amendment act inserted Part IX which related to Panchayat and Part IX A which is related to municipalities in the Indian Constitution.

Article 243Q {Constitution of Municipalities}
There shall be constituted in every State,
1. a Nagar Panchayat (by whatever name called) for a transitional area, that is to say, an area in transition from a rural area to an urban area;
2. a Municipal Council for a smaller urban area; and
3. a Municipal Corporation for a larger urban area, in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

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5. C

By the 86th Amendment Act , the Right to Education ( RTE ) has been included in the list of Fundamental Rights as part of the Right to Freedom by adding Article 21 (A). This ensures Free and Compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14.

The aim of SSA ( Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan ) is to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6-14 age groups. It was launched in 2001. The SSA has a special focus on girls and children of weaker sections. A number of initiatives, including distribution of free textbooks, target these children under the programme. The SSA also seeks to provide computer education even in the rural areas.

The Constitution of India has made education a state subject. The Constitution ( 42nd Amendment ) Act, 1976 however, has included education in the concurrent list.

6. C

The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 makes the following salient provisions:

To provide 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj for all the States having population of over 20 Lakhs.
To hold Panchayat Elections regularly every 5 years.
To provide reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Women (not less than 33%)
To appoint State Finance Commission to make recommendations as regards the financial powers of the Panchayats.
To constitute District Planning Committee to prepare draft development plan for the district as a whole.

7. D

Article 368 in part XX of the constitution deals with the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure. An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament and not in the state legislatures.

8. D

9. D

If a bill seeks to amend the federal provisions of the constitution, it must also be ratified by the legislatures of half of the states by a simple majority, that is, a majority of the members of the House present and voting.

10. C

Articles 23 and 24 of the Indian Constitution safeguard women and children and others against exploitation of various forms.
Article 23 – Article Against Human Trafficking And Forced Labor
Article 24 – Article Against Child Labor

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