Armed forces offer very exciting career to young men and women in several fields. Career in the forces, in addition as a career, is also an adventure in itself. To ensure that appropriate candidates are chosen, a comprehensive selection process is adopted by the armed forces through Service Selection Board (SSB) interview. This system of selection is based on the trait theory of leadership which assumes that every leader must have some specific and pre-determined leadership traits. It also presumes that such traits can be acquired by a candidate with the passage of time meaning thereby that a person once rejected in an SSB interview is likely to succeed if he acquires some of the traits with the passqage of time. The present system of selection, although is long and takes four to five days, is thus based on an objective assessment of each candidate in which the qualities like initiative, alertness, judgement, courage, physical fitness endurance, cooperation, group planning, decisiveness,knowledge, etc. are judged. In addition, psychological and mental robustness of the candidate vis-a-vis requirements of the Armed Forces is judged and finally an overall assessment of the personality of a candidate is made by way of an exhaustive personal interview.
SERVICE SELECTION BOARDS
Allahabad : 11SSB, 14SSB, 18SSB, 19SSB, 34SSB
Bhopal : 20SSB, 21SSB, 22SSB
Bengaluru : 12SSB, 17SSB, 24SSB
For Air Force
Dehradun : 1AFSB
Coimbatore: NSB Agrani
FACILITIES FOR CANDIDATES BY SSB
- Pick-up and Drop from reporting Railway Station.
- Furnished accommodation.
- Medical facilities.
- Game, Magazines and Newspapers
These all & some other facilities for candidates to ensure that they feel at home.
(Comrades! Pay attention here that its just a panoramic of SSB. For detail please click here )
DAY ZERO(Reporting Day)
Candidates are picked by representative of the SSB and are accommodated in the board area, where they are divide into a groups of 8-10. Each individual are there chest numbers which is given by the board. They have to wear it throughout there SSB secession. After chest numbers allotment they all have to fill PIQ(Personal Information Questionnaire) forms. These forms are later used by SSB for assessment of candidates. At end of all this opening address is given by the president of the SSB or any other officer.
DAY ONE(Screening Test)
Actual SSB test start from this day. Candidates have to go through Intelligence & PPDT tests. An Intelligence test is basically test of reasoning which is of Verbal and Non-Verbal types. A PPDT(Picture Perception & Discussion Test) in which you have to write a story on an image within four minutes, image slide is show only for 30 seconds and image slide is always hazy and unclear. A rectangle is printed on the paper on which you have to write your story. Later you are divided into 12-15 candidates group and advised to sit in a semi-circle. Where each candidates are asked to tell his/her story. Now all candidates have advised to discuss there stories and find out a common story where all the individual must present there view as common as much as possible. Result of this test is make available within 1 or 2 hours.
DAY TWO(Psychology Test)
On second day only those are allowed to undergo through four different test who are already clear there first stage. i.e Screening test. Here pay your attention if you are fail to pass screening test than you are send back no further assessment by SSB.
The Four different test are as:
- Thematic Apperception Test(TAT)
- Word Association Test(WAT)
- Situation Reaction Test(SRT)
- Self Description Test(SD)
In TAT you have to write 12 stories in total based on 12 picture slides. This time 11slides which have picture(not blank) are not hazy and the twelfth slide which is always blank. All these slides are shown for less than one minutes and they are expected to write story based on these slide separately within four minutes or sometime less than this.
Word Association Test is an attempt to concur the candidates psychological make-up based on there responses for different words of word slides as shown by Board officer. There are 60 such slides shown by the Board officer and you have only 15 seconds after that present slide is flipped and next slide is appeared. So you have only 15 seconds to read, understand and make a meaningful sentence.
In SRT You have now 60 multiple questions to solve within 30 minutes. Basically in SRT none of the option is either right or wrong. They have different weighted in the degree of correctness. So you have to chose that suited best in that situation as action according to you.
At last candidates have to go through SD test. It held after 10-15 minutes gap of SRT. Here everyone have 15 minutes to write about himself/herself . But not only what you think about yourself and what your strength and weakness, you have to mention the views/thought of different persons about your strength/weakness. The persons are your Parents, Teachers, Friends and others. You are also asked to write what qualities you want to develop etc.
DAY THREE & FOUR(GTO Tasks)
Next two task is usually called GTO test. This test have following test:-
- Group Discussion(GD)
- Group Planning Exercise
- Progressive Group Tasks(PGT)
- Half Group Tasks(HGT)
- Individual Obstacles
- Group Obstacles Race or Snake Race(GOR)
- Command Task(CT)
- Final Group Task(FGT)
For GD candidates are required to sit according to there chest number in semi-circle. Group strength may be of 8-10. Now GTO who takes his seat behind the group announced two topic, its group turn to select one and inform for the same to the GTO. GD will be carried out for 10-15 minutes. GTO may ask for conclusion or may not, for this as he announced it in starting of GD. Now GTO will give second GD topic to the group, here this topic is compulsory, that means group has no choice. This GD will also goes as earlier one. In GD candidates are always advised to put there point & support others where ever possible by adding supporting statement.
Group Planning Exercise
This is a group and individual task by nature. In this a real life problem is narrated on the sheet and 2-3 problem related to that is given. The GTO explain a sketch for which Narrate paper written materiel given to each candidates. After explation from GTO every individual have to write down his or her plan of action. After this GTO gave 10 minutes to the group for group plan of action & which is explained by the group leader to the GTO after that time spam.
Progressive Group Tasks
This is third test in GTO test series. which held outdoors in which total 4 obstacles have to cross. Group has total 40 minutes to perform this task. As group moves further from one obstacles to other obstacles that becomes difficult as they are spread on the ground by there length. It has starting and finishing line. For this task you have some rules like which material and structure is touchable or not touchable is explained by GTO. Its perform in multiple levels.
Half Group Tasks
In this the former group in divided into two and instructed by the GTO to perform the obstacle. While one is performing the second group sends back to waiting room. Usually only one task have to perform by the group. Allowed time is 10-15 minutes. GTO provide the group those materials that will help the group to make task done.
Every candidate has to perform it individually. Total allowed time is 3 minutes and you have to cross total 10 obstacles. Mark for every obstacle is different. They are in an ascending or progressive order, as much as one goes further the obstacles becomes more difficult. These obstacles carry total 55 marks. Obstacles starting from first carry 1 mark second carry 2marks and so on up to tenth obstacles, which carry the maximum marks.
Group Obstacles Race or Snake Race
It’s a type of race competition in which total six obstacles have to cross by every group. This is not flat in nature and groups have to carry a load that called snake that’s the reason this is called Snake race. Time is concern of this race. Every group has to perform these obstacles at same time.
This task has to be completed by three member of group. One acted as commander and rest two have to perform the obstacles as commanded by commander. The obstacle is explained by GTO only to the commander. Every member of the group has to play commander role turn by turn. Total allowed time is 10-15 minutes.
Lecturette is of duration for 6 min for every individual. First three minutes for preparation and next 3 minutes for delivering it. It is conducted outdoor where candidates are sitting in 2-3 rows and goes one by one to pick his card, prepare the lecturette and deliver it. First of all the candidates goes to GTO where he or she chooses one card. On these cards there are four topics are written. Candidates have to choose one and prepare the same. To make speaker updated about time GTO bells two times. First he bell for warning that him or her has 30 seconds left to conclude lecturette. After 3 minutes two continues bell is made to indicate time up.
Final Group Task
As name suggest it’s the final outdoor task and perform in group. Allowed time is 10-20 minutes. Procure of execution is same as PGT, the difference is that it has only one stage but size of the task may be bigger.
Its last of candidates at the SSB. Every candidates goes to board meeting one by one. Here they may asked about the likes or dislikes about SSB arrangement. They also asked for suggestion. Asked about there local visit. What they like there? etc. After the board meeting with every candidates is over the final result is declared within half an hour. Now recommended candidates are required to say back for their medical examination in the military hospital or at different place. Rest are dropped at Railway station.
Check out the Gallery Below to see what actually happens at the Services Selection Board.